Information for Inventors

Patent Documentation and its usage

In contemporary submissions for patenting inventions there are distinguished three main structural components: title page, description, drawings (on the condition the invention is a device).

The title-page must contain the following information:

  • Output data of the invention (Heading);
  • Title/Name of the invention;
  • Abstract;
  • One drawing: if the invention is a physical device.

Title page contents and requirements for invention descriptions during the patent submission process may vary in different countries. Ensuring the title page is formatted according to standards adopted by the local patent board(provincial, national, etc.) is crucial for patent protection. Properly submitted pages allow patents to be systematized and cataloged in the appropriate libraries, patent bureaus and other establishments.

An important part of the patent's description is the formula(claims) of invention (patent formula). Legally the patent formula is the main part of the patent. This section must detail all the features which give the invention novelty. Despite the fact the patent formula is the continuation of the patent description, it is an independent entity within the patent. In English usage the patent formula starts with the words: claim, claims, (I claim, we claim, what I claim is, what we claim is). Normally the formula consists of multiple points presented in the form of enumerated statements. If the formula contains only one point enumeration is not necessary. Each point consists of a single sentence.

ANALOGUE : An technical solution addressing similar features and functions utilized while designing an object for which the patent researches are given rights in adjoining fields.
PROTOTYPE is the designed object having technical essence and positive effect similar to the previous counterparts though unique enough for patent status.
PATENT DOCUMENTS – ANALOGUES are patent documents (application forms or published title of protection), issued in different countries for the same invention with the purchase of the conventional priority or without it. It is not recommended to use the terms “patent - analogue” as it can be published applications-analogues. As well as published title of protection (i.e. patent documents) at different stages of publication.
It is marked that in literature this notion is often given as “patent - analogue” that is not completely correct. These two expressions should not be confused with analogues.


For further information please contact: Pavlodar, 45 Lomov Str., Room 107, Tel. number 8(718 2) 31-64-83